THE LOESS FROM ROMANIA IN THE ROMANIAN SPECIALISTS VISION

Alina Gherghina, Florina Grecu, Valentina Coteț

Abstract


As a lithological formation, the loess was for the first time mentioned in the geological
works of the 19 century (the first Romanian describe of the loess deposits was given by Gr.
Stefanescu in 1895 and the aeolian origin of the loess was stated for the first time in our country by
L. Mrazec, in 1899).
According to Em. Protopopescu-Pache et. al (1966), the loess deposits covers an area of
40 000 km2, dispersed on the interfluves and the terrace bridges in the peri-carpathian regions
(especially in the Romanian Plain and Dobrogea), at which are added some terraces and some
weakly inclined slopes from the sub-carpathian region, Transylvanian Plateau and the
intramontanian depression.
Both in the first studies (Mrazec L. 1899, Murgoci et al 1908) and in those published
between the two World Wars was agreed the aeolian origin of the loess and the fossil soils received
a stratigraphyc value.
After the two World War, the loess study (as quaternary deposit) was approached by
researchers from different domains: hydrogeology, pedology and geography, who emitted different
assumptions of the loess origin (aeolian, deluvial or alluvial – the loessic features of the material
being considered as a result of a postsedimentary diagenesis process) and contribute to the
knowledge and the characterization of the loess from Romania.

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15551/fppzt.v5i1.298

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.